Law Enforcement

The specific, and sometimes overlapping, federal, state, and local jurisdictions of law enforcement, response personnel, and emergency management.

In the context of resource management planning, appropriate law enforcement goals might address public safety, property protection, and interagency coordination policies and recommendations as these relate to public use areas. County search and rescue teams are another important component of public safety related to public lands.



Map of Data

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Resource Information

Key law enforcement issues related to natural resources management and public lands are coordination among jurisdictions of various law enforcement personnel and funding issues such as funding for search and rescue operations.

An example of law enforcement coordination involving public lands is livestock theft. The Livestock Inspection Bureau at the Utah Department of Agriculture and Food deals with cases of livestock theft, in close coordination with county sheriff’s offices. Cases of livestock theft are eventually prosecuted through the county attorney. Additionally, in situations of disease outbreak, the Livestock Inspection Bureau works with Sheriff’s offices to help enforce livestock quarantines.[1]

County and local law enforcement entities include:

  • Municipal police departments
  • County Sheriff’s offices

State law enforcement includes:

Federal and tribal law enforcement related to natural resources and special jurisdiction areas include:

The Law Enforcement data can be used to identify the law enforcement resources within a county. Related data like Correctional Facilities, Fire Stations, and Public Safety Answering Points can be used when assessing public safety and related issues in the county.

Best Management Practices

In the context of resource management planning, best management practices (BMPs) can address public safety, property protection, and interagency coordination policies and recommendations as these relate to public use areas. Potential BMPs may include:

  • Coordinate interagency law enforcement (civil, wildlife resources, and recreation public use regulations) between the County, Utah Division of Wildlife Resources, and the Utah Division of State Parks.
  • Maintain law and order [on public lands] to protect the health and safety of persons using the area.
  • Control litter, discourage vandalism, and perform search and rescue operations as appropriate.
  • Notify the county sheriff’s office immediately when there is a life-threatening situation, criminal act, project structure failure, resource contamination, natural phenomenon (landslides and fire), cultural resource site(s) disturbance, and/or discovery of human remains.
  • Designate areas where discharge of firearms, bow and arrow, or air and gas weapons are not appropriate.
  • Provide emergency communication and coordinate with local law enforcement.
  • Ensure that appropriate fire management regulations and procedures are in place and enforced in [appropriate areas].
  • Assess ways to financially support search and rescue operations in the county.

Economic Considerations
  • Annual operating costs for local law enforcement (County Sheriff’s departments) are influenced by public lands law enforcement activities, including coordination activities with state and federal law enforcement agencies.
  • Costs associated with search and rescue operations are increasing in many areas of the state, particularly with increased recreation use of remote lands. Utah counties have the option to charge people who are rescued and/or can receive reimbursement through the state’s Search and Rescue Financial Assistance Program.
  • The Utah Search and Rescue Assistance Card (USARA Card) offers expense-paid rescue to individuals (hunters, hikers, other backcountry enthusiasts) for an annual fee. Money raised by the program will support the State’s Search and Rescue Financial Assistance Program[2]. County Search and Rescue teams will receive reimbursement for equipment, training and rentals from the program. Such expenses are often borne by the counties. Once the USARA card is available for purchase, marketing materials will be available to counties for promoting the program. Information is available from the Office of Outdoor Recreation.

Impact Considerations
  • Growth in public land use will increase need for law enforcement and possibly the frequency of search and rescue operations.
  • Preventing mineral resource theft, wilderness area violations, hazardous material dumping, archaeological and paleontological theft and vandalism on public lands.
  • Illegal drug cultivation, manufacture, smuggling, and use on public lands
  • Preventing livestock theft

Data Download
  GIS Data Map Service Web Map Document  Tabular Data  Website
Data NameData ExplanationPublication DateSpatial AccuracyContact
Public Safety Answering Points
PSAP Jurisdictions and State Dispatch Boundaries Jurisdictions12/7/20151:24,000AGRC
Public Safety Information
Correctional Facilities, Fire Stations, Law Enforcement Offices, Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) Locations12/7/2015Addressed Based, 1:24,000AGRC


  1. Utah Department of Agriculture and Food. 9/13/16. Brand Inspection and Registration Program, Livestock Inspection Bureau Information.
  2. Utah Department of Public Safety. 9/13/16. Search and Rescue Financial Assistance Program.