Mineral Resources

Natural resources in the form of minerals (solid inorganic substances).

Related resource topics for county planning include the following:



Map of Data

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The ESRI mxd file of the services used to create the above map.

Resource Information

Mineral resources are deposits or occurrences of inorganic materials with intrinsic economic value (such as ore, aggregate, oil, and gas) that may be extracted from the earth’s crust. Mineral resources are regulated and managed based on type, and are grouped into three categories: locatable, leasable, and saleable. Mining of these resources was once an important industry in the region, most notably around Park City. These mineral resources were quickly exploited, however, and the region suffered from economic hardship for several decades afterwards.  In modern times, mining is limited to aggregates, clay, and other stone products [1].

Locatable Minerals
This category includes high-value minerals such as gold, silver, and copper that are subject to the Mining Law of 1972 as amended by 30 USC 2. Under the Mining Law, mining claims can be filed for these minerals. The category also includes certain industrial minerals such as gypsum, chemical grade limestone, and chemical grade silica sand. Uncommon varieties of mineral materials such as pozzolan, pumice, decorative rock, and cinders may also be regulated as locatable minerals if demonstrated to have unique market value.

Leasable Minerals
This category includes gas, oil, oil shale, coal, phosphate, and geothermal resources, and are subject to the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended and supplemented (30 USC 181, et. seq.), the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands as amended (30 USC 351-359), and the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 USC 1001-1025).

Saleable Minerals
This category includes more common mineral resources including sand, stone, gravel, pumice, clay, and petrified wood. Regulation of these minerals on public lands is authorized by 30 USC 601. State and private lands are regulated by state, county, and local jurisdiction and land use codes.

Current mining in the MAG region is focused primarily on saleable minerals, especially sand, aggregate, clay, and stone production [2]. Available data about Utah mineral resources include locations of existing and closed mineral mines and known mineral resources on State-owned lands. The location of mineral mines within the county can be determined from the Mineral Mines data (MineralsDBMarch2015 SMOnly). Contract data and ownership data of minerals and related energy resources can also be used to locate areas of the county being used or may be used for mineral extraction.

Best Management Practices

The following are examples of goals and policies from existing MAG-area planning documents that other counties may want to consider as possible planning goals.

  • Manage mineral activities to be compatible with recreation uses and visual quality objectives [3].
  • Restore structural watershed improvements impacted by minerals activities [3].

Economic Considerations
  • Annual mineral activity and extractive industry reports from the Utah Geological Survey’s Energy and Mineral Resources webpage provide information about statewide mining development, trends, and economic factors.

Information on market trends for specific minerals can be found at the USGS National Minerals Information Center.

Impact Considerations
  • The Utah Geological Survey’s Mineral Resources webpage provides information regarding energy and mineral research, statistics, extraction activity reports, resource maps and other current information.

Mining permits and records from the Utah Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining Minerals Program address environmental effects and reclamation efforts for specific mining operations.

Data Download
  GIS Data Map Service Web Map Document  Tabular Data  Website
Data NameData ExplanationPublication DateSpatial AccuracyContact
Land Ownership
Surface Land Ownership; use Admin field to identify administrative agencyUpdated Weekly1:24,000State of Utah School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration (SITLA).
GIS Group
Mineral Mine Locations
Active and retired mineral mines that have state permit record filesMarch 2015UnknownDivision Oil, Gas, and Minerals (DOGM)
State lands energy and mineral plat maps
SITLA oil and gas plat map, coal plat map, and others mineralsunknownunknownState of Utah School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration (SITLA).
GIS Group
Utah Oil Gas Tabular Data
Statistical data on drilling, production, and other contentVariousVariousUtah Division Oil, Gas, and Minerals (DOGM)


  1. Hotarianni, Philip, F. ND. Utah History Encyclopedia, Mining. Accessed August 4, 2016.
  2. Utah Department of Natural Resources, Division of Oil, Gas, and Minerals. 2015. Utah Mineral Mines, Spatial Data. Accessed August 4, 2016.
  3. US Bureau of Land Management. 1986. Pony Express Resource Management Plan and Final Environmental Impact Statement.